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Macro Market

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China is the largest export economy in the world and the 33rd most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2017, China exported $2.41T and imported $1.54T, resulting in a positive trade balance of $873B. In 2017 the GDP of China was $12.2T and its GDP per capita was $16.8k.

The top exports of China are Broadcasting Equipment ($231B), Computers ($146B), Office Machine Parts ($90.8B), Integrated Circuits ($80.1B) and Telephones ($62B), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Integrated Circuits ($207B), Crude Petroleum ($144B), Iron Ore ($59B), Cars ($46.8B) and Gold ($40.3B).

The top export destinations of China are the United States ($476B), Hong Kong ($255B), Japan ($157B), Germany ($109B) and South Korea ($98.1B). The top import origins are Other Asia ($151B), South Korea ($149B), Japan ($136B), the United States ($133B) and Germany ($95B).

China borders Afghanistan, Bhutan, Hong Kong, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, North Korea, Tajikistan, Vietnam and Russia by land and Brunei, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines and Taiwan by sea.

Exports

In 2017 China exported $2.41T, making it the largest exporter in the world. During the last five years the exports of China have increased at an annualized rate of 2.5%, from $2.12T in 2012 to $2.41T in 2017. The most recent exports are led by Broadcasting Equipment which represent 9.6% of the total exports of China, followed by Computers, which account for 6.08%.

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Imports

In 2017 China imported $1.54T, making it the 2nd largest importer in the world. During the last five years the imports of China have increased at an annualized rate of 1.3%, from $1.42T in 2012 to $1.54T in 2017. The most recent imports are led by Integrated Circuits which represent 13.5% of the total imports of China, followed by Crude Petroleum, which account for 9.4%.

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Trade Balance

As of 2017 China had a positive trade balance of $873B in net exports. As compared to their trade balance in 1995 when they still had a positive trade balance of $79.8B in net exports.

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Destinations

The top export destinations of China are the United States ($476B), Hong Kong ($255B), Japan ($157B), Germany ($109B) and South Korea ($98.1B).

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Origins

The top import origins of China are Other Asia ($151B), South Korea ($149B), Japan ($136B), the United States ($133B) and Germany ($95B).

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Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported and can be used to predict the evolution of a country’s export structure.

The economy of China has an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.691 making it the 33rd most complex country. China exports 540 products with revealed comparative advantage (meaning that its share of global exports is larger than what would be expected from the size of its export economy and from the size of a product’s global market).

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Complexity and Income Inequality

In this version of the product space products are colored according to their Product Gini Index, or PGI. The PGI of a product is the level of income inequality that we expect for the countries that export a product. For more information see: Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions and Income Inequality and The structural constraints of income inequality in Latin America.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

In this version of the product space products are colored according to their Product Gini Index, or PGI. The PGI of a product is the level of income inequality that we expect for the countries that export a product. For more information see: Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions and Income Inequality and The structural constraints of income inequality in Latin America.

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Globally Famous People of China

This treemap shows the cultural exports of China, as proxied by the production of globally famous historical characters

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Globally Famous People of China by City

This treemap shows the cultural exports of China by city, as proxied by the production of globally famous historical characters.

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